Vegetable farming is the growing of vegetables for human consumption. The practice probably started in several parts of the world over ten thousand years ago, with families growing vegetables for their own consumption or to trade locally. Today, they are grown all over the globe.
Success in vegetable production whether it is organic or not is greatly dependent on a well thought out plan. Key factors considered carefully during the planning stage of the farming operation are: site selection, water supply and quality, crop and variety selection, and, market development.
Specialist producers grow the particular crops that do well in their locality. New methods such as aquaponics, raised beds and cultivation under glass are used.
Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables has been recommended as a key component of a healthy diet for the prevention of chronic diseases. Vegetables are low in calories and fats but contain good amounts of vitamins and minerals. Vegetables are also home for many antioxidants. These health benefiting phyto-chemical compounds help protect the human body from oxidant stress, diseases, and cancers, and also develop the capacity to fight against these by boosting immunity.