Cotton is one of the most important and widely produced agricultural crops in the world. Total planted area for cotton is 33.9 million hectares. Current estimates for world production are about 25 million tonnes or 110 million bales annually, accounting for 2.5% of the world's arable land. China & USA comprises 30% of the area cultivated.
Cotton is ginned to get fibres and seed gets separated. When cotton seed is crushed for extraction of oil, the by-product after extraction called Cotton Seed Oil Cake. This is mainly used as cattle feed. This indirectly helps in ensuring food security by helping to increase milk production. These characteristics make cotton an important cash crop for the farmers, income generated helps farmers in ensuring food security to the family.